oracledba.help

UDev Configuration

<- SpecialTopics

Overview

UDev uses persistent device names to guarantee consistent naming of devices across reboots, regardless of their order of discovery. Persistent device names are vital when using storage devices for ASM. UDev also ensures the devices have the correct ownership\permissions for ASM. The following covers using Oracle Linux 7.x UDev to manage disks for ASM.

If you are using VMWare you may need to do this to display the UUID.

UDev is an alternative to Oracle's ASMLib and does not require additional kernel modules or a specific kernel version. UDev also has a smaller footprint than ASMLib. ASMLib has been deprecated in favor of ASMFD in Oracle 12.2 and later.

Furthermore, Oracle fully supports the Linux 7.x method detailed here using UDev via SYMLINK method as opposed to the Linux 6.x legacy method of using the mapper architecture (per 3-17731438021).

Procedure

The scenario below shows implementing for 3 disks.

Add Option to scsi_id.config

echo options=-g>>/etc/scsi_id.config

Get Device ID

 /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdb
 1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBf70afbfd-d82c476f

Do this for each disk (sdb,sdc,sdd...).

Create 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

  • In RESULT=="" place Device ID string from above. Make an entry for each disk.
  • Also change\increment the SYMLINK+= name for each disk.

Edit /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

KERNEL=="sd?1",
SUBSYSTEM=="block",
PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent",
RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBf70afbfd-d82c476f",
SYMLINK+="asm-disk1",
OWNER="grid",
GROUP="asmadmin",
MODE="0660"

The above goes on one line.

3 Disk Template

 KERNEL=="sd?1",SUBSYSTEM=="block",PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent",RESULT=="TBD",SYMLINK+="asm-disk1",OWNER="grid",GROUP="asmadmin",MODE="0660"
 KERNEL=="sd?1",SUBSYSTEM=="block",PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent",RESULT=="TBD",SYMLINK+="asm-disk2",OWNER="grid",GROUP="asmadmin",MODE="0660"
 KERNEL=="sd?1",SUBSYSTEM=="block",PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent",RESULT=="TBD",SYMLINK+="asm-disk3",OWNER="grid",GROUP="asmadmin",MODE="0660"

Replace TBD with matching Device ID.

Reload Partition Tables

 /sbin/partprobe /dev/sdb1
 /sbin/partprobe /dev/sdc1
 /sbin/partprobe /dev/sdd1

Test UDev

 udevadm test /block/sdb/sdb1|more
 udevadm test /block/sdc/sdc1|more
 udevadm test /block/sdd/sdd1|more

Restart Udev

udevadm control --reload-rules

Check Ownership and Permissions

The symlinks are owned by root, but devices will be owned by grid:asmadmin

  • ls -al /dev/asm*
  • ls -rlt /dev/sd?1

Example Output

[root@lnx01 ~]#     ls -al /dev/asm*
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Jun 19 12:52 /dev/asm-disk1 -> sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Jun 19 12:54 /dev/asm-disk2 -> sdc1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Jun 19 12:58 /dev/asm-disk3 -> sdd1

[root@lnx01 ~]#     ls -rlt /dev/sd?1 
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 17 Jun 19 12:52 /dev/sdb1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 33 Jun 19 12:54 /dev/sdc1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 49 Jun 19 12:58 /dev/sdd1

Repeat the above for all other RAC node systems. Use the Device ID as displayed from first system.

After configuring UDev it is a good idea to reboot all nodes and ensure all all the disks look OK via:

  • ls -al /dev/asm*
  • ls -rlt /dev/sd?1

VMWare UUID Fix

Special thanks to Chris Jolliffe for sharing this!

  1. Power down VM, right click and select edit settings.
  2. Select the options tab and click on General under Advanced.
  3. Click the Configure Parameters Button and verify that the disk.EnableUUID parameter is not present
  4. If present, change Value to “true”, if not present select, the Add Row button and enter the Name disk.EnableUUID and Value true.
  5. Click ok, and ok, and power on the vm.
  6. Now check the scsi_id by /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdb

This method can also be used for VMWare.