oracledba.help

Create 12c ASM Based Database

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Overview

What follows are the steps to create an ASM based Oracle database for an enterprise environment. It is a common practice to create your database in two major steps:

  1. Create the core database as shown in these instructions.
  2. Create custom components required by the business mission (tablespaces, settings, schema etc.).

In this way, you can ensure your core database is structurally sound and issue free. Think of it like building a house. The steps outlined here are the foundation. The Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) is used in the below methods to create the database.

ASM Database Groups

  • DATA: control, data, redo, parameter, password and temp files.
  • FRA (Fast Recovery Area): archived logs, control and redo files.

Prerequisites

  1. Choose a database name that wont come back and bite you.
  2. You understand Oracle Managed Files (OMF).
  3. You have installed the Oracle Database Product.
  4. You have created the BASH profile for the oracle user account.
  5. You have installed GI\ASM for a Stand Alone Database (AKA Oracle Restart).
  6. You have created ASM groups for the GI and database data (ex: +GRID, +DATA, +FRA).
  7. ASM is running.
    srvctl status asm

Procedure

Logged in as oracle user:

Run dbca.

 cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin
 ./dbca &

Database Operation

  Create Database

Creation Mode

  Advanced Mode

Deployment Type

 Database type: Oracle Single Instance database
  Custom Database

Database Identification

 Global Database Name: oradb
 SID: oradb
  Create as Container database

Storage Option

  Use following for the database storage attributes
     Database files Storage Type: Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
      Use Common Location for All Database Files
            +DATA/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME} 
             Use Oracle-Managed Files

            OMF creates the following directories correspondingly:
            +DATA/ORADB
            +DATA/ORADB/CONTROLFILE
            +DATA/ORADB/DATAFILE
            +DATA/ORADB/ONLINELOG
            +DATA/ORADB/PARAMETERFILE
            +DATA/ORADB/TEMPFILE

This will be the: DB_CREATE_FILE_DEST

Fast Recovery Option

  Specify Fast Recovery Area
     Recovery files storage type: Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
     Fast Recovery Area: +FRA
     Fast Recovery size: 25 GB  => Determine FRA Size
  Enable archiving
    Archive log file format: %t_%s_%r.arc

 OMF creates the following directories correspondingly:
 +FRA/ORADB
 +FRA/ORADB/ARCHIVELOG
 +FRA/ORADB/CONTROLFILE
 +FRA/ORADB/ONLINELOG

This will be the: DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST

Network Configuration

  Select Listener displayed:
     Name: LISTENER
     Port: 1521
     Home: /u01/app/12.2.0.1/grid

 If prompted: Data Vault Option 

Database components

 Only select what you will actually be using.
 Example:  Oracle JVM

Configuration Options

 • MEMORY
    Use Automatic Shared Memory Management
       Set slider to about 50-80% of your RAM.
       8 gb RAM example (3193):
          SGA Size: 2394
          PGA Size: 799
   Dont use Automatic Memory Management (AMM) for Linux Oracle systems.?
 • SIZING
   Block size: 8192 BYTES
   Processes: 300
 • CHARACTER SETS
   <Use Defaults>
 • CONNECTION MODE
    Dedicated server mode
 • SAMPLE SCHEMAS
    Add sample schemas to the database

Management Options

  Configure Enterprise (EM) Database Express
     EM Database Express Port: 5500

User Credentials

  Use the same administrative password for all Accounts
     Password:         ********
     Confirm Password: ********

Creation Option

  Create database
    
    For each where possible:
        Use Locally Managed Tablespace
           Allocation: (x) Automatic  
        Use Bigfile Tablespace

    Caveats
    • A SYSTEM tablespace cannot use Automatic Segment Space Management.
    • A Temp tablespace cannot be automatically allocated,
      i.e. you have to use (x) Uniform and specify Bytes.

    Tablespace    Minimum Size
    -----------   ------------
    SYSAUX                1 gb
    SYSTEM                1 gb
    TEMP                  5 gb
    UNDOTBS1              2 gb
    USERS                25 mb

    Datafiles
    Leave as is.  They are being managed by OMF.

    Redo Log Groups
    Create a minimum 4 groups (default is 3).
    Example:
       
       Group #: 4
       File Size: 200 M Bytes
       File Name: <OMF_4_REDOLOG_MEMBER_0>
       
  

Summary

 Press 
 Screen is initially blank for a moment...then process begins.

 To view the progress:
 tail -f /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/oradb/oradb/trace/alert_oradb.log

 Once completed you will get a window that shows the creation status and 
 Oracle Express connection info. 
 Select 

Note SPFILE Location: +DATA/ORADB/PARAMETERFILE/spfile.nnn.nnnnnnnnn

Status

  • ASM
    grid> srvctl status asm
  • Database
    oracle> srvctl status database -d [DBName]
  • Instance
SELECT instance_name,status,database_status 
FROM v$instance ORDER BY instance_name;